Metatarsalgia is often described as a burning sensation in the ball of the foot, combined with excess callous forming. Ball of Foot Pain (Metatarsalgia) occurs when the metatarsals (forefoot bones) drop and the surrounding ligaments weaken. The entire forefoot structure collapses, which then leads to excess pressure and friction under the ball of the foot. Discover How to Eliminate Plantar Fasciitis and Foot Pain In As Little As 72 Hours and Cure It Completely Within 30 Days! Foot Pain Calf Pain The foot is a complex structure of 26 bones and 33 joints, layered with an intertwining web of more than 120 muscles, ligaments, and nerves. People who engage in regular high-impact aerobic exercise are at risk for plantar fasciitis, heel spurs, sesamoiditis, Achilles tendinitis, and stress fractures. Women are at higher risk for stress fractures than men. Weight gain Gaining weight puts added stress on the feet and can lead to foot or ankle injuries. The added pressure on the soft tissues and joints of the foot in overweight people increases the likelihood of developing tendinitis and plantar fasciitis. Corns and Calluses The big toe or the fifth ("pinky") toe is forced in toward the other toes, causing the head of the metatarsal bone to jut out and rub against the side of the shoe. Recovery from more invasive procedures, such as arthrodesis or osteotomy, may take 6 to 8 weeks, and it can be that long before a patient can put full weight on the foot. In such cases, the patient will need to wear a cast or use crutches. Elderly patients may need wheelchairs. Hammertoes A hammertoe is a permanent deformity of the toe joint, in which the toe bends up slightly and then curls downward, resting on its tip. When forced into this position long enough, the tendons of the toe shrink, and the toe stiffens into a hammer- or claw-like shape. Corticosteroids are powerful anti-inflammatory agents. An injection of a steroid plus a local anesthetic (such as Xylocaine) may provide relief in severe cases of plantar fasciitis. (Steroid injections are not used for pain that is only due to heel spurs). For athletes or performers who need immediate relief, an effective method is to administer the steroid dexamethasone using a procedure called iontophoresis, which introduces the drug into the foot's tissue using an electrical current. Treatment for Flat Feet in Adults. In general, conservative treatment for flat feet acquired in adulthood (PTTD) involves pain relief and insoles or custom-made orthotics to support the foot and prevent progression. Many of us will experience arch foot pain as a burning sensation under the long arch of our foot. The causes of arch foot pain can be running, walking on hard surfaces, also being on our feet all day can also lead to arch foot pain. The other contributing factor is shoes that do not provide adequate support to the foot and ankle region. Activities like running and walking should be modified. You might want to consider taking up other activities like swimming or cycling until your arch foot pain goes away. The wearing of supportive shoes is also ideal in the treatment of arch foot pain. Our lives are quite hectic and we are constantly moving. This continual movement can put an enormous amount of pressure on our feet. Generally we can find relief from standing by taking the weight off a foot that is more hurtful than the other. Sitting down can also provide instant relief. What happens when the pain moves to the ball of the foot? How do you find relief from ball foot pain? Your feet are especially susceptible to the pain caused by arthritis. According to the American Podiatric Medical Association, there are 33 joints in the foot that can be affected by this condition ( APMA , 2012). Should the doctor think its rheumatoid arthritis that's causing your foot pain; he'll request a synovial fluid examination. Do not let the big health care name fool you, it is a self-explanatory procedure where your doctor takes fluid samples within the joints in the foot and tests the criminals to see if the around joint is arthritic. Elongating and foot exercise. There are foot exercises and stretching that you can do as a relief with regard to foot pain. Exercising the foot is able to prevent chronic foot ache. You may observe pain in the arch area and dull pain is always experienced on the foot. Treatment for Heel Pain Removal of excess callous by a Pedicurist, Chiropodist or Podiatrist is highly recommended to relieve ball of foot pain. You can also remove hard skin and callous yourself by means of daily light abrasion (using a pumice stone or fine grit foot file). Shoes that are very narrow in the forefoot force the metatarsal bones together, pinching nerves and blood vessels that run between the bones. Continued use of shoes that are too narrow can cause one or more of the metatarsal bones to either shift up or down within the transverse arch, causing the arch to completely collapse. The final exercise is a bit hard to explain, but here goes. You need to roll your foot around and then go back the other way. So, you start by pulling your foot up. Next rotate it outwards - then down. Finally rotate it inwards and go back to the starting position. The trick is to do it against resistance. That way you will be building up the muscles in your lower leg that pull up on your arches. Children- Foot pain is fairly common in children. Heel pain is common in very active children between the ages of 8-13, when high-impact exercise can irritate growth centers of the heel.